Title: Myristyl Alcohol
CAS Registry Number: 112-72-1
CAS Name: 1-Tetradecanol
Additional Names: tetradecyl alcohol
Molecular Formula: C14H30O
Molecular Weight: 214.39
Percent Composition: C 78.43%, H 14.10%, O 7.46%
Line Formula: CH3(CH2)12CH2OH
Literature References: Prepn by sodium reduction of fatty acid esters: Hansley, Ind. Eng. Chem. 39, 55 (1947); by LiAlH4 reduction of fatty acids: Watanabe, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 34, 398 (1961); from acetaldehyde + dimethylamine: Langenbeck et al., J. Prakt. Chem. 8, 112 (1959).
Properties: White crystals, mp 38°. d 0.824. bp15 167°. Practically insol in water. Sol in ether, slightly in alcohol.
Melting point: mp 38°
Boiling point: bp15 167°
Density: d 0.824
Use: As emollient for cold creams, etc., also for making the sulfated alcohol whose sodium salt is applicable as a "wetter" in textiles.