Perphenazine
Title: Perphenazine
CAS Registry Number: 58-39-9
CAS Name: 4-[3-(2-Chloro-10H-phenothiazin-10-yl)propyl]-1-piperazineethanol
Additional Names: 2-chloro-10-[3-[1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-piperazinyl]propyl]phenothiazine; 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-[3-(2-chloro-10-phenothiazinyl)propyl]piperazine; chlorpiprazine; chlorpiprozine; PZC
Manufacturers' Codes: Sch-3940
Trademarks: Trilafon (Schering); Trilifan; Decentan (Merck KGaA); Fentazin (Allen & Hanburys); Perphenan
Molecular Formula: C21H26ClN3OS
Molecular Weight: 403.97
Percent Composition: C 62.44%, H 6.49%, Cl 8.78%, N 10.40%, O 3.96%, S 7.94%
Literature References: Prepn: Cusic, US 2766235 (1956); Sherlock, Sperber, US 2860138 (1958 to Schering). Metabolism: U. Breyer, H. J. Gaertner, Adv. Biochem. Psychopharmacol. 9, 167 (1974); H. J. Gaertner et al., Drug Metab. Dispos. 3, 437 (1975). Crystal structure: J. J. H. McDowell, Acta Crystallogr. B34, 686 (1978).
Properties: Crystals. Sensitive to light. mp 94-100°. bp0.15 214-218°; bp1 278-281°. Practically insol in water. Soly (mg/ml): ethanol 153; acetone 82. Practically insol in sesame oil.
Melting point: mp 94-100°
Boiling point: bp0.15 214-218°; bp1 278-281°
 
Derivative Type: Dihydrochloride
Molecular Formula: C21H28Cl3N3OS
Molecular Weight: 476.89
Percent Composition: C 52.89%, H 5.92%, Cl 22.30%, N 8.81%, O 3.35%, S 6.72%
Properties: Crystals from alcohol, mp 225-226°.
Melting point: mp 225-226°
 
Therap-Cat: Antipsychotic.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Tranquilizer, pre-anesthetic agent.
Keywords: Antipsychotic; Phenothiazines.

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